Interesting art. from RTV Noord about what the political parties think about the issue: Boer en Stikstof.
How do parties think that farming should be done in times of nitrogen problems? The programs for parliamentary elections from 15 to 17 March show that many parties see no other option than less livestock farming.
Recent research shows that about XNUMX percent of farmers has little faith in the coalition parties and is considering a vote for another party. What are the parties writing about farmers and nitrogen?
Accountability: This article only includes the election manifestos of parties that are probed on at least one seat on 2 March according to reliable polls. This means that of the new parties, for example, Bij1 has not been included, while JA21 and Volt have been included. Only the points that we consider most important are included in this overview.
50Plus: 'Limit intensive livestock farming'
- Nitrogen: Limitation of large-scale intensive livestock farming, stimulation of small-scale quality companies.
- Resources: Use of fertilizers and poisons in agriculture and antibiotics in livestock farming must be greatly reduced.
CDA: 'Farmers who stop voluntarily will be compensated'
- Nitrogen: Farmers contribute to nitrogen reduction, based on customization per region. Farmers who stop voluntarily are compensated. We encourage the sector itself to come up with plans and achieve these goals. The government makes agreements on reduction targets with large companies that have high CO2 emissions. We will also be working with long-term sustainability goals in the agricultural sector, and we will impose targets on inland shipping.
- Costs: We want a fair price for the farmer, which includes the costs of sustainability. A food referee will act as market master between farmers, wholesalers and consumers. As long as the market does not regulate this, it is up to the government to make the move.
ChristenUnie: 'Working towards fully land-bound dairy farming'
- Nitrogen: Reducing nitrogen emissions can and must be even more ambitious for the restoration of biodiversity. Over the next 10 to 15 years, we will work towards fully land-bound dairy farming, which produces the required roughage on our own land or in the immediate vicinity. This can be fulfilled, for example, by a combination of a maximum number of cows and maximum milk production per hectare. If farmers decide to stop their business, the land can be reallocated with attractive lease conditions. As a result, agricultural land remains available for agriculture as much as possible, so that the switch to circular agriculture can be made.
- Resources: We aim to replace artificial fertilizers in arable farming with green manure, animal manure and residual flows such as cuttings.
- Costs: Solar and wind energy are given a place in the business model on the farmyard. Storage of CO2 in the soil is financially rewarded. Farmers receive an appropriate reward for taking biodiversity measures.
D66: 'Farmers around nature areas are being bought out'
- Nitrogen: We want a 2030 percent nitrogen reduction by 50. D66 is prepared to reduce emissions from agriculture, industry or traffic to make housing possible. D66 wants to put a price on agricultural emissions of greenhouse and nitrogen gases. The current accumulation of rules ensures that agriculture only intensifies further. We reward farmers who take steps towards circular agriculture. Farmers around Natura 2000 areas are being bought out. D66 wants to return part of this land to nature. We provide green buffer zones around nature reserves that protect nature against nitrogen emissions. The vast majority will have an agricultural function.
- Resources: We are committed to abolishing restrictive European fertilizer legislation. We are changing the regulations on fertilizer standards per company per crop and soil type. For example, livestock farmers and arable farmers in the region can optimally use each other's manure and less fertilizer is needed. If we make better use of soil biology, we will need less or no chemistry. That also saves the farmer money.
- Costs: We are changing the system of tradable phosphate, animal and nitrogen rights that is expensive for farmers. In the new system, the government issues rights based on substantive criteria.
Think: 'Far-reaching measures'
- Nitrogen: THINK wants far-reaching measures to reduce the animal density and intensity of agriculture, in order to solve the nitrogen problem.
Forum for Democracy: 'Reduction of livestock is unnecessary'
- Nitrogen: There is no nitrogen problem, but an accounting problem. Nitrogen policy overhauled. The Dutch implementation of the Natura 2000 policy must be evaluated and until then no excessive measures that disrupt current activities. Reduction of livestock is unnecessary: farmers can continue to farm. It is for an NVWA with more clout. More enforcers, among other things, for animal welfare at all animal keepers.
- Reducing the distance between food production and consumers, children learn where our food comes from.
GroenLinks: 'Destruction of nature will be punishable'
- Nitrogen: We legally establish that nitrogen emissions must be reduced by 2030% by 50. We are also working towards halving livestock by 2030. We are introducing a levy on greenhouse gases and nitrogen in agriculture. Strong financial support for farmers who switch to nature-inclusive agriculture or who reduce their livestock.
- Costs: We are adjusting competition policy so that farmers' cooperatives gain more market power over food processors and supermarkets. We prohibit the sale of food below cost. We will abolish tax exemptions on unsustainable forms of agriculture.
- We give nature its own rights. Destruction or loss of nature becomes punishable.
YES21: To be determined
- Nitrogen: On the nitrogen dossier, JA21 wants a sensible, reasonable and proportional policy in which all relevant interests are balanced.
Party for the Animals: 'Livestock farming shrinks by 75%'
- Nitrogen: In 2030, nitrogen emissions will be 50% lower nationally than in 2020. These billable targets are laid down by law. A 75% decline in livestock farming. The livestock industry and polluting floriculture is being phased out more quickly around nature reserves. There will be a maximum number of animals per company and per region. We help farmers switch to regional and truly sustainable production.
- Resources: We literally deal with damage to nature such as agricultural poisons, nitrogen and greenhouse gases.
- We are going to organize production regionally for all the food that is possible.
PvdA: 'Active buyout policy for livestock farms'
- Nitrogen: 50 percent nitrogen reduction by 2030. To achieve this, livestock must shrink and a switch to nature-inclusive agriculture is necessary. A transition fund is being set up for this purpose, filled by the government, banks, supermarkets, consumers and farmers. There will also be an active buyout policy for livestock farms.
PVV: 'Nitrogen problem does not exist'
- Nitrogen: The PVV is proud of our farmers and is scrapping all superfluous regulations - to begin with, the nitrogen regulations that have passed away around a non-existent nitrogen problem.
- No EU involvement with our farmers and fishermen.
SGP: 'Adjust calculation models'
- Nitrogen: Nitrogen calculation models must be adjusted in such a way that depositions are not calculated at a detailed level. Not every fragment of nature in a Natura 2000 area must fall under the legal protection regime. Farmers must be supported when they invest in emission reduction at the source.
- Resources: Targets to further reduce the use of antibiotics in animals must not lead to more animal suffering.
SP: 'Support farmers who support sustainable production'
- Nitrogen: There will be a separate program to combat nitrogen emissions, based on removing nitrogen sources and expanding nature. A strong restriction of the livestock is necessary to prevent further environmental and climate damage. Instead of intensification and upscaling, we support farmers who produce in an animal-friendly and sustainable manner. Less road transport and more regional production.
- Resources: No dangerous agricultural poison, but biological control.
Volt: 'Subsidy not for size, but use of land'
- Nitrogen: Agriculture, horticulture, glass construction and livestock farming must reduce their emissions and promote biodiversity. To encourage this, farmers no longer receive subsidies for the size of their land, but for the way they use that land.
- Resources: Pesticides and fertilizers are replaced by natural plants, animals and manure, which protect crops and allow the soil to recover.
VVD: 'Leave part of the barn empty for a fee'
- Nitrogen: Financial support for farmers when they invest in systems to reduce emissions. It will be possible to temporarily and voluntarily leave (part of) the stable empty or to rent out emission space for a fee. No further skimming of emission space that arises as a result of nitrogen-saving measures. No new Natura 2000 sites are notified or designated. Where possible, we merge (protected) nature areas.
- Resources: Adjusting fertilizer legislation so that innovations have more scope to dilute fertilizer, for example, and thus reduce nitrogen emissions. Reducing antibiotics in livestock farming.